The responsible development of oil sands is a key driver of Alberta’s and Canada’s economy. It creates jobs and tax revenue for government which support the social programs and capital infrastructure projects we rely on.
Why is the oil industry important to Canada?
A strong oil sands sector drives a strong national economy by attracting capital, creating jobs and supporting public services. Canada’s oil sands create prosperity across the entire country – not just in Alberta.
What are the oil sands in Canada?
Canada’s oil sands are the largest deposit of crude oil on the planet. The oil sands (or tar sands as they are sometimes inaccurately referred to), are a mixture of sand, water, clay and a type of oil called bitumen.
What are oil sands used for?
Tar sands (also known as oil sands) are a mixture of mostly sand, clay, water, and a thick, molasses-like substance called bitumen. Bitumen is made of hydrocarbons—the same molecules in liquid oil—and is used to produce gasoline and other petroleum products.
How do oil sands affect society?
Tar sands chemicals have further been linked to higher rates of cancer in Indigenous communities and dangerous air pollution. And the effects of the tar sands don’t stay in Canada. Globally, Indigenous communities and the Global South are on the frontline of climate impacts.
Are oil sands good for the environment?
Oil sands (e.g., diluted bitumen) can negatively impact the environment and human health. Mining oil sands in Alberta, Canada, has led to degradation of forests and parts of the Athabasca River watershed. Short-term exposure to diluted bitumen can increase the risk of cancer and respiratory and neurological diseases.
What is Alberta Canada known for?
The province is home to the country’s largest deposits of oil and natural gas. Alberta, the westernmost of Canada’s three Prairie provinces, shares many physical features with its neighbours to the east, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.
What are the positive impacts of the oil and gas industry in Canada?
The oil and natural gas industry does more than meet the energy needs of society. It creates opportunity. It generates employment, boosts local businesses, drives crucial research and development, and promotes education and training, while generating and maintaining sustainable infrastructure.
Where is Canadian oil refined?
Most of Canada’s domestic oil production happens in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin (WCSB). Refineries located in, or near, the WCSB refine local domestic oil.
How is oil sands used as an energy source?
Oil sands are a mixture of sand, clay, water, and bitumen that occur naturally. … Bitumen is the fossil fuel component of this sand, and it is a very viscous oil that must be treated and upgraded before it can be used to produce useful fuels such as gasoline.
What is the most important component of oil sand?
Oil sands, or tar sands, are sand and rock material that contain crude bitumen—a dense, viscous form of crude oil. Bitumen is too thick to flow on its own, so extraction methods are necessary.
What is oil sands mining?
Mining refers to the oil sands extraction process whereby large amounts of earth are removed, mixed with water and transported by pipeline to a plant, where the bitumen is separated.
Why are the oil sands located in Alberta?
Alberta’s oil sands were formed millions of years ago, as tiny marine creatures died and drifted to the sea floor and were covered by layers of sediment that exerted enough pressure and temperatures to transform the organic matter into oil. Over millions of years, that oil became trapped in thick layers of sand.