What were the main challenges and issues facing Canada at the turn of the century?

What was Canada like at the turn of the century?

At the turn of the 20th century, Canada was in the midst of a demographic transition from an era of relatively high mortality and fertility to one of improved population health, life expectancy and increased fertility control and limitation.

What happened in Canada in the 19th century?

The old United Province of Canada was once again split into two pieces, with the English half becoming the province of Ontario and the French part becoming the province of Quebec. They were joined by the Atlantic colonies of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia as Canada’s first four provinces.

What happened to Canada in the 20th century?

The 20th century saw Canada emerge as a major industrialized country with a modern economy. Canada participated in both world wars and used this participation as leverage to earn full independence from Britain.

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What was happening in Canada in the late 1800s?

Slavery in the British colonies of Canada (and throughout the Commonwealth) was abolished in 1807. On June 18, 1812, the United States declared war on Britain, thus beginning the War of 1812. … Meanwhile, the Red River Settlement began in Canada’s north-west.

What was Canada’s biggest challenge at the turn of the century?

Workers had very few rights, poor pay, and worked in unsafe conditions. Women had very few rights, wanted to make alcohol illegal, and wanted the right to vote.

What are the three most important events in twentieth century Canadian history?

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  • The Battle of Vimy Ridge April 9, 1917: …
  • Universal health care: …
  • Discovery of Insulin, 1922: …
  • Confederation, 1867: …
  • Terry Fox, 1980: …
  • Women’s suffrage: …
  • Second World War: …
  • 2002 women’s hockey gold:

What major events happened in 2010 Canada?

February 22 – 2010 Olympics: Tessa Virtue & Scott Moir became the first North American couple to win the ice dancing gold. February 26 – A winter storm knocks out hydro across Ontario, Quebec and the Maritimes. Canada wins its 14th gold in the 2010 Winter Olympics making it the most gold ever won by one country.

What was life like in Canada in the early 1900s?

Living conditions were quite poor in the 1900s for the average Canadians, but life was even worse for immigrants just arriving in Canada. Often, very poor people ended up in refugee houses, prisons, or mental institutions. The Great Depression of the 1930s, increased poverty because of unemployment.

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Who named Canada?

The name “Canada” likely comes from the Huron-Iroquois word “kanata,” meaning “village” or “settlement.” In 1535, two Aboriginal youths told French explorer Jacques Cartier about the route to kanata; they were actually referring to the village of Stadacona, the site of the present-day City of Québec.

Who was the most important Canadian in the 20th century?

20th Century

  • Arthur Currie (1875-1933) …
  • Agnes MacPhail (1890-1954) …
  • The Famous Five. …
  • Maurice Duplessis (1890-1959) …
  • James Gladstone (1887-1971) …
  • Tommy Douglas (1904-1986) …
  • Viola Desmond (1914-1965) …
  • Joey Smallwood (1900-1991)

What happened in the roaring 20s in Canada?

Despite some initial growing pains, including economic volatility and labor unrest, Canada transitioned from war to peace and prosperity. Canada granted women suffrage, launched its first radio broadcast, won multiple gold medals in the 1920 and 1928 Olympics and reveled in the high life of the Jazz Age.

What happened in the 1950s in Canada?

The 1950s and 1960s in Canada were, in large part, years of economic stability and prosperity. Prices leveled out in the early 1950s with the end of the Korean War, and overseas trade grew steadily. … Despite this prosperity, numerous social problems still plagued the country.

What happened in the year 1867 in Canada?

On July 1, 1867, with passage of the British North America Act, the Dominion of Canada was officially established as a self-governing entity within the British Empire. … In 1885, the Canadian Pacific Railway was completed, making mass settlement across the vast territory of Canada possible.

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What was Canada like in 1800s?

Back in the 1800s, where you lived pretty much decided what kind of work you would do. People in the Western provinces were mostly farmers, with kids helping out their folks out with the crops. In Central Canada, people worked in the lumber industry. And in Eastern Canada, most people worked in fishing.

What happened in Canada in 1850s?

1850: French chemist Louis Pasteur began researching fermentation and putrefaction. His findings about bacteria led to the development of the process of pasteurization to destroy harmful bacteria in milk. 1857: Queen Victoria selected Ottawa as the new capital of Canada.